History of Sevastopol winery
After October uprising in 1917 Bolsheviks considered champagne as a “bourgeois beverage”, which was unworthy of common people, and Novyy Svet and Abrau Dyurso, champagne factories existing those days, were ”successfully” closed down.
And only in 1936 at the request of A. I. Mikoyan, People’s Commissar for Food Industry of the USSR, “Father of Nations” Stalin signed a famous decree about development of viticulture in Massandra and champagne industry.
In 1938 first bottles of traditional champagne were put in, and in 1940 first 500 thousand bottles of vintage champagne were produced, moreover, about 2 mln. bottles were kept in the wine storage room.
Creative labor was stopped by the tragedy of the World War II. During the Great Defense of Sevastopol winery tunnels were used as a shelter for the wounded, champagne bottles were handed out to soldiers to support their forces, to asepticize wounds and allay thirst. The bottles were used to make well-known Molotov cocktail, an awful flammable mixture capable to burn through tank armor. The war page in the factory history ended tragically – underground shops were blown up.
After the Great Patriotic war only in 1961 new underground tunnels were found and furnished and production of high-quality champagne was renewed in Sevastopol.
Since 1961 Sevastopol winery production has been growing constantly. In 60-70s about 400 thousand bottles of sparkling wine were produced annually. In 80s production raised from 700-800 thousand to a million. In 1999 the winery produced 3 million bottles a year. Production facilities were used by 100%. After shop No. 2 had been upgraded in 2008, we managed to raise production up to 8 million bottles a year with further possibility to increase.
Throughout its history Sevastopol champagne was not mass-produced as due to its flavor values and technology elegance it was the main source of supplies to the high government and party circles of the USSR.
Besides, the winery has always been an experimental base for new champagne brands development for many champagne factories in Kyiv, Kharkov, Moscow, Gorky, Baku.